Monday, May 25, 2020

The Standards Based Education System - 1823 Words

The thirty-odd-year push to create a standards-based education system in the United States has seen teacher preparation programs and classroom teachers strive to make sense of national, state, and local standards and how best to address those standards in the classroom. As many researchers have noted (Guskey, 2005; Gullickson 2005; DeLuca 2012; McMillan, 2013; Bonner, 2013; and Brookhart, 2011 2013), classroom teachers are increasingly required to be data driven in their instruction and fluent in the language necessary to develop and administer valid and reliable classroom assessments. At the same time, the very definition of assessment continues to evolve to incorporate not only the summative tests that have been a cornerstone of†¦show more content†¦These presenters went on to propose that test blueprints can help â€Å"define the parameters of an assessment, review assessment alignment to learning expectations, instruction, and cognitive complexity† (Lavender and Shaw, 2013). Unlike the blueprints used for large-scale tests, the example given by Lavender and Shaw afford teachers an easily accessible concept to follow to ensure that their assessments cover not only the learning targets but also how learning targets are being assessed and at what cognitive level. In this way, teachers can make sure that their assessments are reliable, valid and fair. These presenters also suggested that once the road map is created, it could be used to communicate assessment goals with students and other stakeholders (Lavender and Shaw, 2013). When creating classroom assessments, Thomas Guskey (2005) suggested that â€Å"teachers need to do two important things: (1) translate the standards into specific classroom experiences and (2) ensure that classroom assessments effectively measure that learning† (Guskey, 2005, p. 32). In other words, teachers must learn now to â€Å"unpack† standards so as to better link them to what is happening in the classroom (Guskey, 2005, p.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Guidance and Counseling - 1885 Words

1.2. Purpose of the study This study assessed the quality of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools with practicing school counsellors in Edo state. To achieve this, the researcher examined the qualification of personnel providing guidance and counselling services, availability of materials for the successful execution of Nigerian secondary school guidance and counselling services and the impact of guidance programs on students’ adjustment. 1.3. Significance of the study Guidance and counselling is the bedrock for achieving self-actualisation. It is a process of helping individuals to understand themselves by discovering their own needs, interests and capabilities in order to formulate their own goals and make plans for†¦show more content†¦Baker, S.B., Swisher, J.D., Nadenicheck, P.E. Popowicz, C.L. (1984). Measured effects of primary prevention strategies. The Personnel and Guidance Journal, 62, 459-464. Prout, H.T. Demartino, R.A. (1986). A meta-analysis of school-based studies of psychotherapy. Journal of School Psychology, 24, 285-292. Sprinthall, N.A. (1981). A new model for research in the science of guidance and counseling. The Personnel and Guidance Journal, 59, 487-493. 3. Two studies find that elementary guidance activities have a positive influence on elementary students academic achievement. Hadley, H.R. (1988). Improving reading scores through a self-esteem prevention program. Elementary School Guidance Counseling, 22, 248-252. Lee, R.S. (1993). Effects of classroom guidance on student achievement. Elementary School Guidance Counseling, 27, 163-171. 4. School counseling programs have significant influence on discipline problems. Baker and Gerler reported that students who participated in a school counseling program had significantly less inappropriate behaviors and more positive attitudes toward school than those students who did not participate in the program. Another study reported that group counseling provided by school counselors significantly decreased participants aggressive and hostile behaviors. Baker, S. B., Gerler, E. R. (2001). Counseling in schools. In D. C. Locke,Show MoreRelatedGuidance and Counseling1089 Words   |  5 PagesPrinciples of guidance According to Crow and Crow there are  14 significant principles for guidance  they are 1. Every aspect of person’s complex personality pattern constitutes a significant factor of his total displayed attitudes and form of behavior. Guidance service which are aimed at bringing about desirable adjustments in any particular area of experience must take in to account, the all round development of the individual. 2. Although all human beings are similar in many respect, individualRead MoreGuidance and Counseling765 Words   |  4 PagesGuidance Program The Guidance Office through the guidance counselor conducts an Orientation Program for Freshmen and transferees at the start of the semester. The Student are provided counseling services to help them out in meeting their physical, academic and emotional needs and are guided towards whole development of their personality through the integration of social and spiritual enrichment. There are available measures of academic skills and personality testing. Test in specific areas ofRead MoreThe Foundations Of Counseling And Guidance Essay1340 Words   |  6 PagesThe foundations of counseling and guidance may be traced back to the teachings of Plato and Aristotle in ancient Greece and Rome. Some argue that modern techniques also branch from Catholic priests’ practice of confidentiality within the confessional in the Middle Ages. However, The history of school counseling, as we know it, formally started at the turn of the twentieth century (Krumboltz Kolplin, n.d.). Counselors only began playing a role in special education in the late 1970’s to early 1980’sRead More Guidance (School) Counseling Essay2416 Words   |  10 PagesGuidance (School) Counseling Guidance counseling, also called school counseling, has evolved over the years into an important part of the education system. Counselors are now taking on new roles in schools as leaders so much so that the ways in which counseling is being implemented has become a much talked about topic in schools. The effectiveness of counseling in schools is looked at by the education system more frequently than it was in the past. Though all school counselors must follow aRead MoreGuidance and Counseling Program Needs11909 Words   |  48 PagesGUIDANCE AND COUNSELING PROGRAM NEEDS AS PERCEIVED BY SELECTED THIRD AND FOURTH YEAR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN CAVITE STATE UNIVERSITY LABORATORY SCHOOL A Special Topic Submitted to the Faculty of the Cavite State University In Partial Fulfilment Of the Requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Education (Major in Guidance and Counseling) RIO MAY A. DEL ROSARIO September 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Abstract†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦.. Acknowledgement†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MoreThe s Guidance Counselor For Counseling950 Words   |  4 PagesIndentifying Data Eman is an 8 years 6 months old African American adolescent, who was referred by his guidance counselor for counseling. Eman has a long history of poor school performance due to numerous outburst and uncontrolled rages. Despite extensive partial care treatment and accommodations from his school he has failed to succeed academically and behaviorally. His poor school attendance, attention and learning problems, and family dynamics are contributing factors. Sources of InformationRead MoreA Comprehensive Competency Based School Counseling And Guidance And Counseling Program2350 Words   |  10 PagesThis document compiles a comprehensive competency-based school counseling and guidance and counseling program for the Boys and Girls Academy, which is an elementary public educational institution in Alief Independent School District. Alief ISD is a large, diverse urban district, and the Boys and Girls Academy serves approximately 1,000 PreK through fifth grade students. Part I: Foundation †¢ Philosophy At the Boys and Girls Academy, our philosophy is to reach our students by all means necessaryRead MoreSchool Guidance Counseling Group: When Parents Divorce Essay example2671 Words   |  11 Pages(2014) highlight the first step in planning a group is to come up with a proposal. This purpose of this paper is to put forth that proposal for implementation of a divorce support group in a particular school setting. School Guidance Counseling Group: When Parents Divorce A significant portion of children in the United States are impacted by divorce. Empirical investigations verify that children of divorce are at a heightened risk for the development of psychological, social, behavioralRead MoreEFFECTS OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING ON ACADEMIC PERFOMANCE IN SECONDANRY SCHOOLS IN NYAMIRA NORTH-DISTRICT NYAMIRA COUNTY.2003 Words   |  9 Pagesï » ¿EFFECTS OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING ON ACADEMIC PERFOMANCE IN SECONDANRY SCHOOLS IN NYAMIRA NORTH-DISTRICT NYAMIRA COUNTY. MARUBE DENIS MAINA 2013/CS/27518 Chapter two LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction This chapter will focus on the review of the existing literature to the specific idea of effects of guidance and counseling on academic performance in secondary school level. The information gathered from the literature will be used to define a benchmark againstRead MoreThe Education Commission (1964-66), While Lamenting On1430 Words   |  6 Pagesinclusion of guidance and counseling including vocational placement, among student services. It stressed ‘guidance and counseling programme which would assist the students in the choice of courses, indicate the links of remedial action and help in dealing with emotional and psychological problems, should be an integral part of the educational facilities provided in institutions of higher education’. Guidance and counseling have three-fold functions: adjustment, orientation and development. Guidance and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Neurological Learning Disability Dyslexia - 1164 Words

Dyslexia is not a condition, it is not something that will go away and it is not contagious. Dyslexia is a lifelong condition that a person is born with and will have to learn to live with. It is a neurological learning disability that causes problems with language based-skills and can affect around 10 to 20% of the population (Dyslexia, 2014). A person that has dyslexia can have difficulties with the areas of reading, writing, spelling, speaking, math, and or short-term memory. Having dyslexia does not mean that one is not smart, it just means that their brain functions in a different way. Dyslexia happens in people of all ethnicities and socio-economic status, however it is common to see more than one person of a family to have†¦show more content†¦During the lesson it is good to repeat the concept more than once as this helps the child with dyslexia remember the concept easier. Students with dyslexia need time to process the information provided to them therefore itâ€⠄¢s important to slow down and ask questions. Lastly, a child with dyslexia can have difficulty with abrupt changes of activities. Teachers need to let students know when an activity is coming to an end by counting down the minutes starting by five; this will avoid frustrations. Strategies for Families and Colleagues Helping a child with dyslexia to do their homework and projects can be a challenge for parents and family members. Parents of a child with dyslexia can help them improve their school experience by keeping an open communication with the child and their teachers. First and foremost the parents should talk to their child about Dyslexia. The child might have questions or concerns about their learning disability. A parent must provide knowledge, reassurance and support in order to understand their condition. It is important to inform the child that this is something they where born with and that it will not go away although they can learn to handle it. As the child with Dyslexia faces emotional and academic challenges he or she may lose confidence in themselves. Support and acceptance from a parent is critical in this matter.Show MoreRelatedEssay Paper for SPE 557 Latonja Newman Grand Canyon University1430 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Ã‚   Disability Brain Research Essay   Latonja Newman   Grand Canyon University: SPE 557                                               Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚   In reflection on  neuroscience and the medical brain research study that explains learning disabilities  I found an online article  that is very interesting,  which explains the concept of  research. Researching students with learning disability has become the fore front of how student development and maintain information. According to  research, the goal of thisRead MoreCauses, Symptoms and Difficulties Associated with Dyslexia853 Words   |  4 PagesThe term dyslexia refers to a learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading. It is a learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material. Difficulties in word recognition, spelling, decoding and reading comprehension make it even more difficult. This disability alters the way the brain processes written material. People with dyslexia not only have trouble with reading and spelling they also can struggle with writing. Dyslexia is the most common type of learningRead MoreDysle xi A Common Disorder Within The Learning Disabilities1814 Words   |  8 PagesWhen it comes to disabilities there are many different types that can affect a person, for example learning disabilities. Learning disabilities affect the way a student learns new information or even process it. Dyslexia is a very common disorder within the learning disability. Dyslexia is a neurological disorder that affects the brain and other scenes in the brain. Although it’s not clear as why people have dyslexia a study was done in order to figure out if may be eye movements where the causeRead MoreA Child Is Having A Problem Reading Even After Lots Of1617 Words   |  7 PagesThe child may have a reading problem called dyslexia. Having dyslexia does not mean that a child will never read, but it does mean that this child will learn to read in a different way than most children of the same age. â€Å"While dyslexia can make reading more difficult, almost all individuals with dyslexia can learn to read.† (International Dyslexia Association website) Most people take reading for granted, but that is not so for a child that has dyslexia because reading may be hard to nearly impossibleRead MoreMy Reading On Reading Disabilities, And The Impact That They Have On Students Education1741 Words   |  7 Pages I wanted to learn more about reading disabilities, and the impact that they have on students’ education. I was lucky that my reading problems did not impact my education, and I was able to read very well. Reading is one of the most important skills that students learn in school. Being able to reading is paramount to student’s success throughout school and life. It is estimated that 10% to 15% of school aged children have some form of a reading disability. Reading is a complex task involving decodingRead MoreThis is an outline of an essay about dyslexia.801 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican public school children have been diagnosed with a learning disability; eighty percent of the diagnoses are dyslexia-related. But some studies indicate that up to twenty percent of the population may have some degree of dyslexia. 1.Dyslexia, what is it? 2.Causes and Symptoms 3.Treatment II.First Main Point: A. Dyslexia is defined as a learning disability marked by impairment of the ability to read. In essence, it is a disability in which people jumble letters; for example, confusing GodRead MoreIs Dyslexia A Common Neurological Lifelong Condition?1405 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is Dyslexia? Dyslexia is a common neurological lifelong condition which affects 1 out of 5 people in the country (Facts About Dyslexia, 2008). It is not caused by poor vision(Understanding Dyslexia, 2014); in fact it can happen to those whom are very intelligent (Davis, 1992). The brain has difficulty processing reading, written and spoken language (Facts About Dyslexia, 2008). People with dyslexia need a little more time and a different way to process the information (UnderstandingRead MoreEssay on Overcoming Dyslexia1472 Words   |  6 PagesOvercoming Dyslexia The teacher walked to the front of the room with her book in hand and as she got closer to the front, Paul got lower in his seat. He knew what was coming next; it was time for the class to read the next chapter. The teacher would start reading and then call on different students to read as they moved through the chapter. This scared Paul right down to his toes. He had read in front of the class before, but it was what followed after class that worried him the most. TheRead More The Role of Magnocellular Cells in Dyslexia Essay1135 Words   |  5 PagesThe Role of Magnocellular Cells in Dyslexia Dyslexia is a defined as a learning disability characterized by problems in expressive or receptive, oral or written language. Derived from the Greek words dys (poor or inadequate) and lexis (words or language), dyslexia and other learning disabilities affect about 15% of the population. (What is dyslexia!) Dyslexia itself can manifest itself in many different ways. People with dyslexia do not see words backwards or have other vision problemsRead MoreAnalysis Of Can t Rad 1669 Words   |  7 Pages Dyslexia Ricky Smith Liberty University Dyslexia is a learning disability that many children have but are misunderstood until they have actually been diagnosed with the learning disability. Dyslexia does not mean that children are not smart; it just means that they learn different. This is why it is sometimes for parents to understand why their children are not doing well in school and struggle sometimes with a simple task of reading a book. My book report is about a 280 page book

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Mathematics Critical Thinking and Problem Solving

Questions: 1. Draw a defining diagram for the following problem statementA program that will prompt for and receive the measurements of a rectangle and then calculate the circumference (perimeter) and the area of the rectangle. The program is to continue until a sentinel of 999 is entered. 2. Develop a solution algorithm for a program that prompts for and obtains the daily temperatures for a whole month and displays the average, minimum, maximum temperature for that month. Your solution should contain a defining diagram, a pseudocode algorithm and a desk check of the algorithm Your algorithm should first prompt the user for the number of days in the month (x) and then request the user to enter x temperature values. If the user enters a negative number for x then an appropriate message should be displayed. Once the x number of temperatures have been entered, your algorithm must calculate and display the average, minimum and maximum temperature.3. Develop an algorithm for the following problem statement using appropriate modularisation techniques. Your solution should contain a defining diagram, a pseudocode algorithm and a desk check of the algorithm. Your algorithm will produce a list of students from a student file. The file has a record for each unit attempted and result achieved in that unit for each student. Eg. If a student has passed four units and failed two there will be 6 records on the file. Each record contains the following fields: Field Name Data Type Student Id Alphanumeric Student Name Alphanumeric Unit Code Alphanumeric Unit Result Numeric The algorithm is to read the records from the student file and print a report of all students as well as their results. The report should contain all of the fields properly formatted. For each student there should be a printed summary of their results i.e. a printed line of the number of passed units, the number of failed units and the students WAM, the average of all units. Print page headings and column headings at the top of each page. After printing 50 lines, a new page should be started. At the end of the report, the total number of students; the total number of passed units and the total number of failed units should be printed. Answers: 1. Defining diagram is, Input Processing Output LENGTH BREADTH TOKEN (Enter 999 to stop) Check TOKEN = 999, then STOP. Calculate CIRCUMFERENCE = 2(LENGTH x BREADTH) CIRCUMFERENCE 2. The defining diagram is, Input Processing Output NUM_DAYS_MONTH DAILY_TEMP Check NUM_DAYS_MONTH =0, PRINT ERROR. Enter daily temperature for NUM_DAYS_MONTH one by one using DAILY_TEMP. Calculate MIN_TEMP, MAX_TEMP, AVG_TEMP. MIN_TEMP, MAX_TEMP, AVG_TEMP The Pseudo code is, ALGORITHM1 (MIN_TEMP = 0, MAX_TEMP=0, TOTAL_TEMP=0) { INPUT NUM_DAYS_MONTH IF NUM_DAYS_MONTH = 0 PRINT Enter Positive number. ELSE FOR (i=1 to NUM_DAYS_MONTH) { INPUT DAILY_TEMP(i) SET TOTAL_TEMP = TOTAL_TEMP + DAILY_TEMP(i) i++ } AVG_TEMP = TOTAL_TEMP / NUM_DAYS_MONTH FOR (i=1 to NUM_DAYS_MONTH ) { IF (DAILY_TEMP (i) = MIN_TEMP) ) { MIN_TEMP = DAILY_TEMP (i) i++ } } FOR (i=1 to NUM_DAYS_MONTH ) { IF (DAILY_TEMP (i) MAX_TEMP ) { MAX_TEMP = DAILY_TEMP (i) i++ } } PRINT MAX_TEMP, MIN_TEMP, AVG_TEMP } The desk check is, ALGORITHM1 () { INPUT NUM_DAYS_MONTH NUM_DAYS_MONTH = 3 IF NUM_DAYS_MONTH = 0 FALSE PRINT Enter Positive number. ELSE FOR (i=1 to NUM_DAYS_MONTH) 1 to 3 { INPUT DAILY_TEMP(i) 40 30 20 SET TOTAL_TEMP = TOTAL_TEMP + DAILY_TEMP(i) TOTAL_TEMP = 40 TOTAL_TEMP = 70 TOTAL_TEMP = 90 i++ 1 2 3 } AVG_TEMP = TOTAL_TEMP / NUM_DAYS_MONTH AVG_TEMP = 30 FOR (i=1 to (NUM_DAYS_MONTH )) i= 1 to 2 { IF (DAILY_TEMP (i) = MIN_TEMP ) TRUE TRUE { MIN_TEMP = DAILY_TEMP (i) MIN_TEMP = 30 MIN_TEMP = 20 i++ 2 3 } } FOR (i=1 to NUM_DAYS_MONTH ) i=1 to 2 { IF (DAILY_TEMP (i) MAX_TEMP) TRUE FALSE { MAX_TEMP = DAILY_TEMP (i) MAX_TEMP = 40 i++ 2 } } PRINT MAX_TEMP, MIN_TEMP, AVG_TEMP MAX_TEMP = 40, MIN_TEMP = 20, AVG_TEMP= 30 } 3. The defining diagram is, Input Processing Output NUM_RECORDS COUNTER = 0 RECORD(i) Check for NUM_RECORDS COUNT NUM_FAIL for a STUDENT_ID COUNT NUM_PASS for a STUDENT_ID PRINT 50 RECORDS on each page of REPORT The pseudo code is, ALGORITHM2(COUNTER1=0, COUNTER2=0, Counter3 = 0) { INPUT NUMBER_RECORDS IF NUMBER_RECORDS 0 PRINT Please enter valid number. FOR (i=1 to NUMBER_RECORDS) { X= STUDENT_ID(i) FOR (j = 2 to NUM_RECORDS) { IF (X = STUDENT_ID(j)) { IF (UNIT_RESULT(j) = PASSED COUNTER1 ++ ELSE COUNTER2++ } J++ } PRINT [STUDENTID, COUNTER1 AS PASSED, COUNTER2 AS FAILED] PRINT NEW LINE I++ IF (COUNTER3 =50) { INSERT PAGE BREAK COUNTER3 = 0 } ELSE COUNTER3 ++ } } The desk check is, ALGORITHM2(COUNTER1=0, COUNTER2=0) COUNTER1=0, COUNTER2=0 next iteration next iteration { INPUT NUMBER_RECORDS 3 IF NUMBER_RECORDS 0 FALSE PRINT Please enter valid number. FOR (i=1 to NUMBER_RECORDS) i= 1 to 3 { X= STUDENT_ID(i) X = STUDENT_ID(1) FOR (j = 1 to NUM_RECORDS) j= 1 to 3 j= 2to 3 j=3 to3 { IF (X = STUDENT_ID(j)) TRUE TRUE FALSE { IF (UNIT_RESULT(j) = PASSED TRUE FALSE COUNTER1 ++ COUNTER1=1 ELSE COUNTER2++ COUNTER2 = 1 } J++ j = 2 j=3 j=3 } PRINT [STUDENTID, COUNTER1 AS PASSED, COUNTER2 AS FAILED] PRINT STUDENT_ID, PASSED =1, FAILED =1 PRINT NEW LINE i++ i=2 IF (COUNTER3 =50) FALSE { INSERT PAGE BREAK COUNTER3 = 0 } ELSE COUNTER3 ++ COUNTER3=1 } } The process will continue for 3 records. The first two records are for same student in two different subject, one PASSED and another FAILED, the third record is for another student and PASSED.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

The boy who loved Anne Frank By Hellena Feldman free essay sample

About everyone recognizes the name Anne Frank ; it is synonymous with humor, honestness and courage. Her journal has touched 1000000s. I ca nt conceive of anyone non being inspired by her narrative. Ellen Feldman, nevertheless, can. In her novel, The Boy Who Loved Anne Frank, she imagines a adult male who suffers a mental interruption at the mere sight of Anne s published journal. Why would the Hagiographas of a immature miss cause a adult male s mind to disintegrate? Because he is Peter new wave Pels, the male child who hid in the Annex with Anne and her household. He is Peter new wave Pels, the adult male who has tried urgently to bury his yesteryear. In the book s Recognitions subdivision, Feldman, a New York writer, describes her experience sing the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam in 1994. Her tour usher stated that the destinies of all the residents of the Annex were known, they were arrested on 04. We will write a custom essay sample on The boy who loved Anne Frank By Hellena Feldman or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page August 1944, except for that of Peter.Ellen Feldman was fascinated by the thought that Peter might hold survived the Holocaust and decided to compose a book about how his life might hold turned out.. By the clip she discovered her usher had been misinformed ( harmonizing to a Dutch Red Cross dossier, Peter died in Mauthausen concentration cantonment on the 5th of may 1945, merely 3 yearss before its release ) , the character had already formed in her head.Peter new wave Pels, whose household name was listed as new wave Daan in THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK, allegedly stated to Anne while they were concealing in their Amsterdam Attic extension during the tallness of WWII that if he got out alive he would reinvent himself wholly. There is no direct grounds that Peter perished in the Nazi decease cantonments although this has been assumed by all who knew him, including Otto Frank so Feldman has taken this guess and built a fictional life around it. Therefore, it is Feldman s creative acti vity we meet in her book. When The Boy Who Loved Anne Frankclears, it is 1952 and an grownup Peter is sitting in a head-shrinker s office. The physician has been consulted to handle the sudden, incomprehensible turn of laryngitis which has seized Peter s organic structure. Much to his discouragement, the head-shrinker insists on peppering him with pathetic inquiries, even asking as to his married woman s reading stuff. Surprisingly, it s the reply to this last enquiry that gives him his reply: Madeleine ( his married woman ) had been reading the newly-published The Diary of A Young Girlby Anne Frank.It turns out that Peter is sing what some professionals call a transition upset, imparting his daze at the sight of Anne s published journal into a hysterical reenactment of his old ages spent whispering in the Secret Annex. The publication of the book causes non merely laryngitis, but a psychotic interruption that has Peter coping with a yesteryear he s worked urgently to bury. Unknown to the Red Cross, he # 8217 ; s escaped the prison cantonments and starts in 1946 when he arrives in New York. After an brush with an Immigration-officer who mistakes him for a heathen he realizes how easy it would be to alter his whole personality, he would nt even hold to lie, all he had had to make was maintain quiet. When he steps off the boat in New York, Peter covers the tattooed figure on his arm, hides his Judaic lineage, and sets out in chase of the American dream. He begins his new life in entire denial of his old one, deletes every memory of it and that with such sufficiency that he eventually is non able to retrieve any more. He neer answers any inquiries about it and starts to populate a prevarication. Peter new wave Daan is now populating in America as Peter new wave Pels and go throughing himself off as Christian. Ironically, the first miss Susannah he falls in love with ultimately culls him because she is Judaic and her household would non be pleased if she married exterior of her religion. Funny plenty, he begins dating her sister, Madeline, and she does non hold an issue with his religion as their wooing finally leads to marriage and a household. His greatest fright is that anyone could happen out that he is Judaic but still he seems to be drawn to the Jewish community. His best friend and subsequently business-partner Harry is Jewish. Peter finds employment in the turning field of Real Estate/Property Management and settles down to a nice suburban life in New Jersey. So non even a decennary subsequently, he has a successful calling, a nice place and an unsuspicious Judaic married woman. His concern is traveling highly good, the twosome have two lovely small misss, a 3rd babe is on the manner ( it will be a male child ) and the hereafter looks bright for Peter new wave Pels. He has hidden his yesteryear so successfully that no one non even Madeleine suspects the strivings he endured during the war.However, Peter is continually haunted in his dreams by his secret and realizes the truth in the avowal that you can non run off from your yesteryear! In 1947, Peter # 8217 ; s worst frights are realized as a novel is released worldwide titled ANNE FRANK: THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL ( subsequently re-titled to fit the play/film, THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK ) . Not merely is Peter horrified that he will be exposed but his ain married woman and girls become fans of the novel. Peter at one point steals the novel and travels a great distance to dispose of it merely to mouse back out into the dark to repossess for himself. Everywhere he goes, people talk about his yesteryear and there s nil he can make about it, because although the adolescent miss who wrote the book is dead, she s a mega-star of international proportions. He feels as a clumsy adolescent who spent more than two old ages locked up in an Amsterdam loft with the Holocaust s most celebrated victim had someway survived the war and come to America seeking namelessness. He reads the novel in secret, furiously turning the pages. While he disagrees with several portraitures within the novel he is moved by its # 8217 ; stalking transitions that hit place for him. Then the journal is published and he feels the past birr around him, a twister that threatens to destruct everything in his carefully-constructed life.Peter # 8217 ; s try to bury his yesteryear, and get down afresh after emigrating to America, merely digs him deeper into the roots he tries to blot out. The events that follow that find are an analogy to the fright Holocaust victims carried with them # 8230 ; concealment, traveling, whispering, running. The book became his stepping rock backwards, forwards, and backwards once more into fright and abhorrence. With memories stalking H is every measure, Peter begins floging out. He knows he should state his household the truth, but he s despairing to maintain them anon. , safe.As his memories of the War become harder to get away, he becomes obsessed with salvaging adequate money to let his household to run off in instance they come back. He keeps the money in a safe at place and gets up to number it in the center of the dark. He’s besides obsessed with non blowing nutrient – there is a scene in peculiar that greatly touched and disturbed me. He yells at his married woman and at his amazed little girls and tells them that they don’t know what hungriness is. It’s true, they don’t. Finally, the drama version of the fresh becomes a large hit as THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK hits Broadway. Many people, including Anne’s male parent, Otto Frank, object to the actress dramatis personae as Mrs. Frank who is a non-Jew. Peter has even more expostulation with Otto Frank who he feels watered down and tainted many transitions of Anne’s Diary. Specifically, he is non at all pleased with his male parent, Mr. van Daan, being portrayed as stealer who stole staff of life from the closets at dark, thereby striping the remainder of those in concealing from much needed nutriment. Madeliene describes a peculiar event portion of the fancied narrative, although she does nt cognize that in the play: It was the most atrocious scene. One dark Mrs. Frank hears a noise and gets up, and there s Mr. van Daan [ In her diary, Anne uses van Daan to conceal the individuality of Peter s household, the new wave Pels ] , the male parent of the male child Ann s in love with, stealing staff of life from the closet. All the clip they thought it was the rats, it was truly him. He. Taking nutrient out of his ain kid s oral cavity. Can you conceive of? ( p. 149 ) The journal has caused plenty jobs, but Peter ca nt digest the idea of America consuming a horrid prevarication about his male parent. He snaps. Otto Frank chooses to convey the writer of the drama version of Anne # 8217 ; s Diary, Meyer Levin, to tribunal. Levin will subsequently travel on to write the book, THE STOLEN LEGACY OF ANNE FRANK: MEYER LEVIN, LILLIAN HELLMAN AND THE STAGING OF THE DIARY, which continues to demo contention with Otto Frank # 8217 ; s redaction of his girl # 8217 ; s original work. Peter is intrigued by this tribunal instance and sends a note to Otto Frank certifying to his true individuality and naming his grudges with the emended version of The Diary. Mr. Frank # 8217 ; s legal representative writes Peter back proposing that his caricature of person that was affectionately to Mr. Frank was non appreciated and farther correspondence will take to legal action. Peter shows up at the courtroom during the Otto Frank/Meyer Levin instance and runs into an aged adult female who besides has issue with Mr. Frank # 8217 ; s edited Diary. This adult female introduces herself to Peter as the married woman of the character falsely named Pfeffer in both the Diary and the Play. Torn between stating the truth and protecting his household, Peter spirals out of control. On the threshold of divorce and mental dislocation, Peter makes a scene during the test of Otto Frank, which seals his destiny. He has no pick but to uncover his individuality, but stating the truth means memory, and retrieving agencies confronting memories so agonizing they could oppress him forever.You could state that the more popular Anne # 8217 ; s narrative gets the more Peter # 8217 ; s state of affairs worsens. He eventually becomes a menace to himself and his household and has to make up ones mind whether to accept his yesteryear with all the effects or to give up on remaining alive. As I mentioned before, I was about 12/13 old ages old when I read Anne # 8217 ; s Diaries for the first clip. Thankss to Ellen Feldman # 8217 ; s researches I could obtain a batch more information about the people who used to populate with Anne and Peter in the Secret extension. Especially Peter # 8217 ; s parents and Fritz Pfeiffer ( Dussel ) are shown in a wholly new position so in Anne # 8217 ; s journals and they lose all the amusing features they ve gained through Anne # 8217 ; s descriptions. This difference in between how those individuals have been characterized in Anne # 8217 ; s journals and Ellen Feldman # 8217 ; s book made me even more realize how immature Anne was when she wrote her books. The manner she depicts Peter # 8217 ; s increasing paranoia is singular. This book besides allowed me to larn about all the events that followed the publication of Anne Frank # 8217 ; s book in America. I didn # 8217 ; t know that Otto Frank had been involved in a case. Pete r # 8217 ; s emotional reaction to the whole thing was interesting to see, and Ellen Feldman raises some interesting inquiry about how the journal was ( and still is ) received and responded to. In my sentiment this book is highly good researched particularly when it comes to covering with the post-traumatic experiences which most subsisters of the Holocaust had to travel through. It shows clearly that for most of them it was nt wholly merely joy and felicity for holding survived after their release, but that for most of them, even so their life styles would alter dramatically, the agony neer ends. Feldman inside informations the historical, and small known facts sing the journal of Anne Frank. She gives the audience a position of, # 8220 ; what if # 8221 ; . What if Peter had survived? What would his life have been like if he had survived? The flow of the narrative shows how the male child, Peter, grew into an grownup. The Boy Who Loved Anne Frank leaves one to inquire whether promises made as a adolescent should be kept as we grow and mature. The writer analyzes that factor and how it plays into Peter # 8217 ; s life. The Boy Who Loved Anne Frank is a singular narrative about fright, isolation, loss, the weight of memory and what it means to retrieve # 8211 ; and how possibly we remember some things in order to bury others more easy. Largely, it s merely what its screen proclaims it to be: A Novel of Remembering and Forgetting. It s trim, challenging and utterly moving. It s non an easy read, but it s one you wo nt shortly bury. ANNE FRANK # 8220 ; Everyone has inside of him a piece of good intelligence. The good intelligence is that you don # 8217 ; t cognize how great you can be! How much you can love! What you can carry through! And what your possible is! # 8220 ; Anne Frank # 8221 ; I don # 8217 ; t believe of all the wretchedness but of the beauty that still remains. # 8221 ; # 8220 ; I merely can # 8217 ; t construct my hopes on a foundation of confusion, wretchedness and decease # 8230 ; I think # 8230 ; peace and tranquility will return again. # 8221 ; -Anne Frank

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

buy custom Five Theme of Geography essay

buy custom Five Theme of Geography essay Geography is an interesting subject, but sometimes, the teachers may fail to express the point correctly, hence misleading the students. Teachers in Texas should employ the data presented in Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) to ensure that they give all the relevant information to the students. In geography, a teacher should be able to discuss the five themes to ensure that the students receive the necessary information. These include location, place, human-environment interactions, movement, and region (Davis, Ochman, Boehmer, McLarty, Ojo, 1992). Location can be either absolute or relative. Place is concerned with human and physical characteristics of a location. Human-environment interaction relates to ways in which humans adapt to and modify the environment. Movement theme relates to traveling of goods, ideas, resources, and information from one place to another. Regions are subdivisions of the world (Davis et al, 1992). Different events and people are included in the TEKS that helps the students to understand the subject of geography. Aristotle is one of the philosophers quoted by Davis in his book Dont Know Much about Geography. Aristotle was one of the great philosophers who relied on simplified reasoning. He thought that the closer to the equator, the hotter the temperature. His argument was based on the black skin of the Libyans, which made him believe that the black skin was as a result of being scorched by the sun. He believed that life on the equator was unbearable due to excessive temperature. Aristotle also believed in the natural balance that made the continents in the south of the equator equal to those in the north. He introduced the concept of the anti-poles, which lasted from his times till the voyages of Captain Cook in mid-eighteenth century. Aristotles philosophy is presented on the TEKS. However, the students need to get more information on this philosophy because it formed the basis of the geograpy history. Students should get more information about Aristotles contribution to the division of science into theoretical, practical, and productive group views, which is fundamental in understanding the geographical science. More emphasis should be put on Aristotles argument about the shape of the earth. TEKS should explain Aristotles observation. He observed that the shadow cast by Earth on the Moon during an eclipse is an arc. He also observed that the phases of the Moon and its appearance during eclipses are spherical, which led to the suggestion that the Earth might also be spherical (Seroglou Koumaras, 2001). The appearance of the stars as a person moves towards North or South and the falling away of the horizon when a person approaches is another indicator that the Earth is spherical. The things fall to the Earth in a way that appears to be close to the surface. It is the spherical shape that facilitates this as the sphere is the only shape that has the smallest surface in consideration of a given volume. Aristotle argued that the Earth is the center of the universe since all things move around it or fall towards its center (Seroglou Koumaras, 2001). Aristotles philosophy deserves the status given by the TEKS he it gave the idea of the shape of the Earth, which is now known for sure to be a sphere. Although Aristotles philosophy was developed in 384 BC, his observation has been approved by other philosophers that came after him. His philosophy marked the beginning of determining the shape of the Earth, the Moon, and the Sun. For this reason, it is essential to emphasize the contribution made by Aristotle to defining the shape of the Earth. Much information should be included in the TEKS concerning how Aristotle based his argument on logics. Although he was trying to be logical, he argued that the logic is just a dialect; hence, the study of reasoning should be analytical. The modern scientists use most of mathematical models and abstracts developed byy Aristotle. There are many people who apply these theories and equations without understanding how they were developed. Although most of the natural events were associated with actions of gods, Aristotle and other ancient philosophers were not sure about the role of gods. There was controversy about who causes particular event if not gods with most philosophers trying to explain those occurrences through the application of mathematical and philosophical principles. Aristotle, being unsatisfied with such arguments, offered a suggestion that such occurrences were found within nature (Seroglou Koumaras, 2001). He argued that nature was available within nature, which was pos sible to reveal through inductive reasoning and careful observation. This kind of thinking and reasoning is essential in teaching students to enable them to exercise their thinking capacity. Davis depicts Aristotle as one of the key contributors to the evolution of physical geography. He explained how Aristotle agreed with Platos argument that the Earth is a sphere by moving from philosophic reasoning to providing observable evidence. However, Davis explained how Aristotle failed in fairly simplistic reasoning by arguing that the closer to the equator, the hotter the temperatures. Again, Davis showed how Aristotle explained the theory of natural balance. I agree with the way Davis portrayed Aristotle as a great contributor to the modern geography. It is due to his argument that the current maps are drawn the way they are, and time is also determined. However, Davis did not give details about Aristotles argument and other ancient philosophers in his book. Davis only pointed that Aristotle had given evidence about the shape of the Earth by observing the shadow cast during the solar eclipse, but he did not explain how this information is applied in modern-day science. I believe much more information should be included in the book to ensure that the students understand the depth of Aristotles philosophy. Buy custom Five Theme of Geography essay

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Hearsay & Crawford v. Washington Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Hearsay & Crawford v. Washington - Assignment Example There are several methods used for impeachment in a court of law and these include bias, character, inconsistent statement, contradiction and competency. The court allows demonstration of bias through cross-examination for impeachment, and this involves use of personal interests such as financial stake, blood relations among others to catalyze witness bias. Similarly, character is an impeachment method that focuses on demonstrating bad character such as prior conviction or non intrinsic evidence. Inconsistent statement involves use of prior statements that do not match the current testimony for impeachment, and these may also be used as substantive evidence. On the other hand, contradiction as a method of impeachment is where the witness says two or more contradicting statements in the same testimony. Finally, competency is the impeachment method where the witness lacks the required mental capacity, or he/she cannot sense what he claims to have. The Federal Rules if Evidence defines hearsay as, "a statement, other than one made by the  declarant  while  testifying  at the  trial  or  hearing, offered in  evidence  to prove the truth of the matter asserted" (Federal Rules of Evidence, 2009). Therefore, hearsay is out-of-court evidence and thus allowing it in a court trial interferes with the methods of testing credibility. For instance, testimonial hearsay does not give a chance for impeachment of the witness in order to determine the credibility of the evidence. The Sixth Amendment states that "[i]n all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the be confronted with the witnesses against him† (US Supreme Court Media, 2004).  However, in some cases the court allows evidence from out-of-the-court testimony on grounds that it should be reliable evidence. This is exemplified in the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in 2004, on the case of Crawford v. Washington. Crawford, together with his wife, Sylvia, confronted and stabbed a ma n, Lee, who allegedly raped his wife. During the trial, Miranda was unable to testify as a result of the marital privilege rule of Washington, and thus, her statement was presented for the jury in the form of recorded evidence. As a result, Crawford was denied the opportunity to cross-examine witness as provided for in the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment. Hence, argued that the court violated the Confrontation Clause by allowing his wife’s recorded-statement to be used in the trial, and thus denying him a chance for cross-examination. The decision of the U.S. Supreme Court reformulated the standards for the inclusion of hearsay statements in criminal trials under the Sixth Amendment. According to the court, cross-examination is required only to admit a witness’s prior testimonial statements, which was unavailable in the case of Crawford v. Washington. Crawford v. Washington Supreme Court’s decision relied on the Ohio v. Roberts U. S. Supreme Courtâ⠂¬â„¢s decision of 1980. In this decision, the court allowed use of out-of-court testimony against the defendant so long as the testimony was reliable. On those grounds, the court determined that Sylvia’s statement was reliable and thus could be used as evidence in the trial. The trial court noted that the evidence was trustworthy and gave reasons to support its use in the criminal case against Crawford. For example, Sylvia and Crawford were interrogated separately, and the statements